DePaul University Characteristic Unique to Pastoralism Questions

DePaul University Characteristic Unique to Pastoralism Questions

  

DePaul University Characteristic Unique to Pastoralism Questions

Question Description

  1. What is the defining characteristic unique to pastoralism?polygamyreliance on mgongo nutsnomadismreliance on animal byproducts

1 points 

QUESTION 2

  1. The Roma, an ethnic group historically marginalized due to their nomadic lifestyle, were traditionally called __________.horticulturalistsbarbarianspiratesgypsies

1 points 

QUESTION 3

  1. From the video, The Saami of Norway, what unexpected problem does the premature melting of snow due to global warming in the middle of winter season cause?It makes reindeer come out of hibernation too soonIt causes melt water to refreeze as ice, preventing reindeer from eating lichen under the snowIt leaves reindeer isolated on blocks of floating ice in the middle of the arctic oceanIt causes reindeer to move to Chicago, where it is colder

1 points 

QUESTION 4

  1. Which of the following is characteristic of the division of labor in egalitarian societies?It is by technical specialization.It is by social status.It does not exist; everyone does the same work.It is by age and sex.

10 points 

QUESTION 5

  1. After World War 2, the creation of borders left many groups, like the Kurds or the Abu Eid, stateless nations because it most significantly disrupted their _________ way of making a living (subsistence).HorticulturalistForagingAgriculturalPastoralist

1 points 

QUESTION 6

  1. What is one advantage of agriculture?It takes much less time and energy than foraging.It can support a higher population density than foraging.It provides a healthier diet than foraging.It has historically encouraged cooperation, equality, and communal sharing of resources.

1 points 

QUESTION 7

  1. A “band” society is a form of political organization most commonly associated with which subsistence?pastoralistshorticulturistsagriculturalistsforagers

1 points 

QUESTION 8

  1. Which of the following tools do horticulturalist traditionally use?only hand toolsdraft animals and plowsfertilizers and manureartificial irrigation

QUESTION 9

  1. The intangible “resource” gained from groups of people coming together to form organized action, like a union for example, is called __________.group revenuesocial capitalcivic societyachieved status

1 points 

QUESTION 10

  1. Which of the following is NOT a form of social control?sanctions and ordealsgossip and degradation ceremoniessupernatural beliefs, such as sorcery or witchcraftAll of theseNone of these

1 points 

QUESTION 11

  1. The headman in a tribe typically is __________.reliant on skill of negotiationsreliant on power as a means of controlhereditaryfull-time

1 points 

QUESTION 12

  1. Social ranking of kinship groups as elite or common, and leadership duties based mostly on economic redistribution are central features of __________.bandsstatestribeschiefdoms

1 points 

QUESTION 13

  1. In the documentary, Animal Gangs of Nigeria: Hyena Men, what form of “wealth” do members of this social group “inherit”?technical skillslandknowledgemoney

1 points 

QUESTION 14

  1. The use of a physically painful procedure for determining guilt or innocence is called __________.trial of endurancejury trialfeudingtrial by ordeal

    QUESTION 15
    1. The term used to refer to groups of people who are displaced or dispersed from their original homeland is __________.diaspora populationmestizajestratified groupsecondary group
    1 points QUESTION 16
    1. Giving material items to someone without any defined or immediate expectation of compensation is called?RedistributionMarket exchangeGeneralized reciprocityNegative reciprocity
    1 points QUESTION 17
    1. In the article entitled “Where Fat is a Mark of Beauty” the Efik culture considers a fat woman to be a sign of:Bad health, poverty, and disgustPubertyGood health, prosperity, and allureFemininity
    1 points QUESTION 18
    1. ______ refers to people with a shared identity and/or allegiance who live in close proximity that crosses the geographic borders of two or more different countries.TransnationalDiasporaMulticulturalMultinational
    1 points QUESTION 19
    1. __________ is the term for the ability to make others do what they would otherwise not want to do.Political organizationAuthorityPrestigePower
    1 points QUESTION 20
    1. In state-level societies, __________ is the most common way to maintain social control.Professional law enforcementInformal enforcementMaintenance of social relationshipsNorms
    1 points QUESTION 21
    1. In small-scale societies, order is typically maintained through __________.permanent rulers dictating proper and improper behaviora professional law enforcement squadsocial norms and peer pressurethreats and symbols of violence
    1 points QUESTION 22
    1. In most industrial/digital societies, a person’s class position is __________.usually measured in terms of income leveldetermined mainly by ethnicityis strictly ascribedclosely correlated with his/her religion
    1 points QUESTION 23
    1. Authority in small-scale societies is the perceived ability to make descisions for a group__________.based on a person’s heritage and ancestrybased on random chance selectionbased on a person’s physical strength and aggressivenessbased on a person’s status, respect, and reputation
    1 points QUESTION 24
    1. A confederacy is traditionally defined in anthropology as a __________.loose alliance of bandsformal alliance of chiefdomslarger state formed from semi-autonomous individual statestemporary alliance of tribes
    1 points QUESTION 25
    1. The historical difference between a nation and a state is _________?a nation is a group of many different people and a state is the government that requires them to obtain identification cards (citizenship)a nation is a group of people who share a common way of life (sheep herding) and a state is a bordera nation is a geographic limit of people who live under a state-level political organizationa nation is a people with a shared ancestral identity and the state is their geographic boundary (territory)QUESTION 26
      1. The government strategy of controlling subgroup population numbers by restricting their access to adequate health care and healthy living conditions is called ___________biopoliticsneocolonialismglobalizationworld systems theory
      1 points QUESTION 27
      1. Which of the following is an ascribed status?Olympic medal winnerpresident of the United StatesQueen of Englandprime minister of England
      1 points QUESTION 28
      1. In the article entitled “Ties that Bind” the Hopi gave president Millard Fillmore prayer sticks, a cornstalk cigarette filled with tobacco, and honey-soaked cornmeal in hopes that the American government would reciprocate with:allowing them the legal right to open and operate casinos in the state of Arizonaprotection of the Hopi from their encroaching enemy neighbors, the Navajothe exact material wealth Fillmore gave them, some medals, daguerreotype photos, and a tour of Washingtonwar, famine, and to relocate them to Native American reservations
      1 points QUESTION 29
      1. In the article entitled “Foraging for a Living”, the Dobe Ju’hoansi spend roughly how many hours a week acquiring food?30 hours a week40 hours a week10 hours a week20 hours a week
      1 points QUESTION 30
      1. In the documentary, Animal Gangs of Nigeria: Hyena Men, those who join the group tend to do so out of a basis for __________.economic supportcounter-cultural defiancedeviant behaviorpsychological comfort
      1 points QUESTION 31
      1. From the video The Saami of Norway, what type of subsistence did this culture traditionally practice as a way of making a living?AgricultureHorticulturePastoralismForaging
      1 points QUESTION 32
      1. What is the main difference between a social norm and a law?Religion often provides legitimacy for social norms, but not for laws.Social norms are learned through socialization; laws are created through authoritative leadershipEnforcement of social norms is always formal but does not extend to punishment, as do laws.Social norms define the punishment for misbehavior and laws define correct behavior.
      1 points QUESTION 33
      1. The type of economic exchange that “commodifies” not just products but also services is which type of exchange system?market economyredistributionnegative reciprocitybalanced reciprocity
      1 points QUESTION 34
      1. Leadership in bands is __________.based on a person’s heritage and birth orderrestricted to meninformal, no permanent leadersmaintained through use of power
      1 points QUESTION 35
      1. How is a potlatch competition considered a form of economic redistribution?because the host collects attendance fees from the guests and gives the proceeds to charitiesbecause products are made by the host and freely given to the guestsbecause products are made by guests to be given to the hostbecause products of equal value are exchanged between guests and host
      1 points QUESTION 36
      1. In the article entitled “The Price of Progress”, what seems to accompany economic/technological progress in traditional societies?Environmental and ecological declineMalnutrition and declining healthMental retardationAll of the aboveNone of the above
      1 points QUESTION 37
      1. Which of the following is one of the trends that has increased as smaller political organizations have given way to a “state” level of political organization?less surplus resources and wealthdecreased responsibility of leadersless reliance on kinship relations as a basis of political structuresdecreased trade networks
      1 points QUESTION 38
      1. Social ranking on the basis of caste is __________.an example of a primary social groupno longer an operational social system in Indiaan ascribed systemof great ritual importance in India but has no economic or political importance
      1 points QUESTION 39
      1. How does a chiefdom differ from a tribe?A chiefdom has a bureaucracy.A chiefdom is egalitarian.A chiefdom is a ranked society with a hereditary chief.All of the aboveNone of the above
      1 points QUESTION 40
      1. All systems based on inequality (such as “race,” caste, etc.), regardless of their local specificities, share which of the following features?Underprivileged groups accept the status quo.Physical characteristics of the dominant group differ from the underprivileged.The position of the dominant group is maintained by belief alone.People are relegated to particular levels of entitlement or expectations.
  
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