You Are Now Aware That Psychology Is A Science, Committed To The Empirical Study Of Behavior. Do you think it’s Possible to Apply This Scientific Approach to the Study of Unconscious Desires and Urges, As Postulated by Freud’s Theory of Personality?
Sigmund Freud developed a concept that divided personality into subconscious, conscious, and preconscious levels. As the founder of psychoanalysis, Freud established the personality theory that argues that an individual’s behavior is the outcome of interaction among id, ego, and superego (The Freudian Theory, n.d). These three are the components of the mind. He believed that instincts are the primary elements and drivers of a person’s personality (Weiten at al., 2014). Freud continues to argue that childhood experiences shape character. However, this personality is later shaped by the psychosexual stages of life. Freud’s structural theory of personality emphasizes the role of various unconscious inner conflicts in determining an individual’s behavior and personality.
The psychodynamic perspective in Freud’s theory proposes that various psychological forces trigger emotions and human behavior. It means that psychology can be used to study and understand a person’s unconscious desires since it is generally used to investigate behavior (The Freudian Theory, n.d). Many psychologists believe that no strategy is right or wrong when analyzing how people think and act. However, considering childhood experiences and environment can assist them in explaining the behavior (Weiten at al., 2014). In psychology, the psychodynamic perspective demonstrates the relationship between conscious and unconscious motivation. Psychological processes and feelings are flows of energy in the brain.
Freud’s psychoanalysis theory also assumes that most mental processes are unconscious. The unconscious element of the brain consists of the things that a person does not know (The Freudian Theory, n.d). It means that human beings are often unaware of their desires, emotions, urges, and feelings. The aspect of unconscious represses ideas and then allows them to reappear in consciousness under various circumstances (Weiten at al., 2014). Most of the items, such as sexual impulses stored in the unconscious element of the mind, are unpleasant, unacceptable, or conflicting. It is easy for a psychologist to help an individual to understand these contradictory urges by studying earlier experiences, dream interpretation, or free association.
The unconscious level of the mind is made up of three separate components. The id is the source of unconscious raw drives, such as aggression. It is the most primitive structure and focuses on the instant gratification of physical urges (Psychological Perspectives, n.d). On the other hand, the ego is a sensible part of the personality that contains unconscious and unconscious components. It maintains a person’s contact with the world to ensure that he or she is interacting with society (Psychological Perspectives, n.d). In a practical context, the role of the ego is to balance strains of ego and superego. Superego refers to the conscience that a person develops in the early stages of life or learns from parents and elders (The Freudian Theory, n.d). It also comprises of conscious and unconscious aspects. For the ego component to fulfill its role, it has to mediate conflict between id and superego (Psychological Perspectives, n.d). Psychology aims at determining the mental well-being of a person, and this information is obtained by determining the dynamic equilibrium between the three components of personality.
According to Freud’s theory of personality, human beings are not aware of the forces that shape their lives. For example, a person might assume that he or she is in charge of their lives, but they keep repeating mistakes without knowing. Couples falling out of love with each other or a person choosing a job they have are excellent examples of such situations. It is through psychology that individuals realize the situation (Weiten at al., 2014). In most cases, contradictory thoughts in the unconscious element generate tensions in mind and could lead to psychological conditions. Freud discovered that human beings have the desire to justify the conscious ideas that they think occur at the unconscious level.
Psychological Perspectives. (n.d).Lumen: Introduction to Psychology. Retrieved from https://courses.lumenlearning.com/wsu-sandbox/chapter/psychological-perspectives/
The Freudian Theory of Personality. (n.d).Journal Psyche. Retrieved from http://journalpsyche.org/the-freudian-theory-of-personality/
Weiten, W., Dunn, D. S., & Hammer, E. Y. (2014). Psychology applied to modern life: Adjustment in the 21st century. Cengage Learning.