(ANSWERED) MPH506 Module 8: Assessment: Interprofessional Collaborative Practice Project
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nRequirementsnTo complete this project, you will need to access the following learning resource:nAcademic Partnerships to Improve Health (APIH). (2019). Navigating a foodborne outbreak: Preparation for interprofessional practice. https://navigatinganoutbreakmodule.org/ (Links to an external site.)nThe Interprofessional Collaborative Practice Project is worth 250 points and will be graded on the basis of a completed certificate to be submitted for this assignment by the due date. This is a pass/fail assignment, there is no associated rubric.nFrom the options below, what information would a healthcare provider use first in a clinical assessment of a patient complaining of diarrhea?nnBackground prevalence of gastrointestinal complaints in the community, pathogennBackground prevalence of gastrointestinal complaints in the community, presence or absence of fevernPathogen, presence or absence of fevernPatient?s fluid intake, pathogennPatient?s fluid intake, presence or absence of fevernFor otherwise healthy patients who do not show signs or symptoms of dehydration, healthcare providers would recommend the following to treat a 2-day episode of diarrhea:nnOver-the-counter anti-diarrheal medicationsnRestrict fluidsnShort course of antibiotics until stool culture results are knownnAll of the abovenNone of the abovenWhich of the following describes a public health-related responsibility of healthcare providers who are seeing patients with complaints of acute diarrhea?nnA notifiable disease form should be completed for every patient with diarrhea.nPatients should be asked whether they are employed in food or healthcare industries.nStool cultures should be collected on all patients with complaints of diarrhea so that pathogens that may affect the community can be identified quickly.nThe names of restaurants where the patients have eaten should be collected and provided to the local health department.nAll of the abovenEducation about the following topics should be provided to patients with complaints of acute diarrhea:nnBland diets and food diariesnBland diets and food safetynBland diets and hand washingnFood diaries and hand washingnFood safety and hand washingnWhich of the following statements about the epidemiology of diarrhea is true?nnApproximately 500,000 episodes of acute diarrhea occur annually in the United States.nDiarrheal diseases are a significant global health problem, accounting for 1 in 9 child deaths worldwide.nIn the United States, the burden of diarrheal disease is easy to measure because almost all patients receive medical attention when they experience diarrhea.nIn the United States, older adults (?65 years of age) are the age group who are most likely to experience diarrhea.nIn the United States, diarrhea is not among the top 5 reasons for outpatient visits for gastrointestinal symptoms.nFoodborne illness symptoms can include:nnAllergic-like symptoms such as itching or burning sensationsnFever and fatiguenSymptoms related to the gastrointestinal system like abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomitingnSymptoms related to the nervous systems like double-vision, paralysis, and tingling sensations.nAll of the abovenWhich of the following statements is true regarding the epidemiology of foodborne illness?nnApproximately one in six people are sickened annually in the United States because of foodborne illness.nIn the United States, 3,000 people die annually because of foodborne illnesses.nMore than 100,000 people in the United States are hospitalized annually because of foodborne illness in the United States.nNorovirus is the known pathogen that is responsible for the most cases of foodborne illness in the United States.nAll of the abovenWhich statement is true about laboratory testing options for patients with diarrhea?nnLaboratory testing on blood, stool, and urine should be requested for all patients with complaints of diarrhea.nStool culture is the method by which all foodborne, infectious diseases are diagnosed.nThe results of stool culture tests for all patients with diarrhea are critical to guiding their treatment.nThe results of the stool culture tests for patients with diarrhea can be more important to guiding public health efforts than to treating individual patients.nThe use of culture-independent diagnostic testing, rather than stool cultures, in cases of diarrhea will help public health departments quickly link cases of foodborne illness from across the country.nWhich of the following are communicable disease responsibilities of public health departments?nnClinical trials, diagnosis, health educationnClinical trials, immunization, surveillancenDiagnosis, health education, immunizationnDiagnosis, health education, surveillancenHealth education, immunization, surveillancenWhich of the following represents an appropriate method of reporting concerns about a potential foodborne illness?nnClinicians report all patients presenting with vomiting and diarrhea to the local public health department.nClinicians report concerns about possible foodborne illness only after laboratory confirmation to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.nClinicians report concerns about possible foodborne illness to the local health department only after laboratory confirmation.nnConsumer who becomes ill after eating at a restaurant contacts the local public health department.nnConsumer who becomes ill after eating at a restaurant contacts the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.nnAn outbreak is defined as when:nnCDC confirms that the same reportable pathogen is present in more than one state.nnMore than one jurisdiction reports the same reportable pathogen.nThe same reportable pathogen is confirmed in at least two members of a household.nThere is an increase in the number of cases of a disease above what is normally expected in a population.nThere is one confirmed laboratory result of a reportable pathogen.nWhich of the following is an appropriate method for information to be gathered in an outbreak investigation?nnClinicians ask patients to contact the health department because the health department doesn?t have the authority to contact private citizens.nClinicians share patients? medical information with the public health department after the patients provide permission.nClinicians share patients? medical information with the public health department without seeking patient permission.nPublic health department contacts patients after healthcare providers confirm the patients? willingness to speak with the health department.nPublic health department?s environmental health specialists collect a sample of each food product available at a potential source of an outbreak and send all samples to the laboratory for testing.nWhich of the following statements describes the standard approach to multi-state outbreak investigations in the United States?nnIf more than one state is involved in an outbreak, and federal agencies like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are involved, state health officials execute the local investigations.nIf more than one state is involved in an outbreak, clinicians in an affected area should contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) with any updates regarding new cases.nIf more than one state is involved in an outbreak, federal public health specialists from the CDC take over the investigation so that local and state public health can focus on their routine public health functions.nIf more than one state is involved in an outbreak, local health departments share their updates with state officials, who in turn, update the national officials.nLocal health department workers contact the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) directly when they have updates associated with a multi-state outbreak.nWhich of the following statements is true about risk communication?nnAcknowledging the public?s fears can cause more panic, so it should be avoided.nAcknowledging uncertainty should be avoided.nRisk communication is a communication strategy to diminish panic.nRisk communication is a science-based approach for communicating effectively in situations of high stress, high concern, or controversy.nRisk communication is a strategy of communicating only what is known during emergencies.nWhich of the following is a true statement about the roles of healthcare providers and public health professionals in the context of a foodborne outbreaknnAfter the contaminated food source is identified, the public health agency?s responsibilities are complete, and the healthcare providers have the responsibility to assess and treat additional patients until the outbreak has subsided.nBecause healthcare providers do not always encounter patients who are representative of the entire community, they do not have a role in identifying potential foodborne outbreaks.nHealthcare professionals who suspect that patients are experiencing foodborne illnesses should send those patients to the local health department to be examined.nProviding food safety education is an example of an intervention that can be provided by clinical and public health professionals.nThe collection of suspect food items is a shared responsibility of the healthcare providers and public health agencies.nThree federal entities with responsibilities for food safety are:nnCenters for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of the Interior, Food and Drug AdministrationnCenters for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Agriculture, Food and Drug AdministrationnDepartment of Agriculture, Department of the Interior, Food and Drug AdministrationnDepartment of the Interior, Department of Transportation, Food and Drug AdministrationnFood and Drug Administration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes for HealthnWhich of the following are part of a public health department?s preparation for public health emergencies?nnCommunity preparednessnEpidemiologic investigations and surveillancenFatality managementnMass dispensing of medicationsnAll of the abovenWhich of the following interventions associated with a foodborne outbreak can be applied to other public health emergencies?nnEpidemiologic studies to study relationships between exposures and illnessnHealth education to minimize exposure and risksnInformation sharing between healthcare and public health professionalsnSurveillance for unusual clinical syndromesnAll of the abovenWhich of the following provides the most reliable information as a public health emergency evolves?nnNewest results on an Internet searchnPeer-reviewed scientific journalsnPublic health agencies, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)nSocial media posts from affected individualsnAll of the abovenWhat community representatives would be important to convene when developing a public health preparedness plan?nnFirst respondersnHealthcare providersnMajor employersnSchool systemsnAll of the above
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