Regarding the clinical issues of HAIs among the patients, the PICOT question hence states that if healthcare professionals in the acute care setups receive the education materials about hand hygiene, there will be an increased knowledge among them associated with the reduction of HAIs in those cute care settings.
Concerning WHO, any healthcare-associated infection, HAI causes severe healthcare issues for casualty safety as well as for their health promotion (Mitchell et al., 2017). The consequences associated with these HAIs thus incorporate extended hospital stays, enhanced microorganisms resistance to antimicrobial therapies, prolonged disabilities, non-compensable high healthcare costs by insurance organizations, and even financial burdens. The danger of casualties developing the HAIs is general and continues to exist in all healthcare systems and facilities internationally. For instance, in the US alone, approximately 1 in 25 hospitalized casualties within the acute system develops HAI during their hospital stay. In about 700,000 patients with HAIs, around 10 % of them die from HAIs complications (Mitchell et al., 2017).
Research Design and Level of Evidence
According to this research discussion, the research question is if healthcare professionals in the acute care setups receive the education materials about hand hygiene, will there be an increased knowledge among them associated with the reduction of HAIs in those cute care settings? Regarding this discussion question, it thus leads to quantitative design (Mitchell et al., 2017). Therefore, the evidence associated with addressing the identified problem under quantitative research design incorporates the use of a 13-question Quality Improvement Survey. This survey thus entails three demographic and ten knowledge questions, which get used in assessing the caregivers’ baseline knowledge about hand hygiene techniques and practices. Some of the knowledge questions will incorporate whether there is the routine use of decontamination of hands using antiseptics when soiled or prior to and after interacting with patients and other care services procedures (Luangasanatip et al., 2015).
This quantitative survey will hence serve as a pre-test of assessing the care providers’ base knowledge. The survey questions get sent to the sampled caregivers; that is, about 75 professionals from selected three different healthcare facilities to examine their expertise on the hand hygiene practices associated with their reduction of HAIs in their respective settings (Luangasanatip et al., 2015). The email has an educational PDF, and sampled care professionals asked to complete the pre-test. After the pre-test, there would also be a post-test on another PDF or poster emailed to this same population. The pre-and post-tests get measured, constructed, and analyzed to determine the result of increased knowledge. Eventually, during this experimental survey, the independent variable is the impact of educational material during pre-and post-tests. In contrast, the dependent variable is the care professional’s knowledge of hand hygiene (Mitchell et al., 2017). The variables thus establish the relationship between the educational materials during both tests and the healthcare professionals’ baseline knowledge of hand hygiene practices to measure HAIs reduction.
Luangasanatip, N., Hongsuwan, M., Limmathurotsakul, D., Lubell, Y., Lee, A. S., Harbarth, S., … & Cooper, B. S. (2015). Comparative efficacy of interventions to promote hand hygiene in hospitals: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. bmj, 351, h3728.
Mitchell, A., Boisvert, E., Wilson, T., & Hogan, S. (2017). Hand Hygiene-A Quality Improvement Project. Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, 1(7), 1985-1988. Available at: https://biomedres.us/pdfs/BJSTR.MS.ID.000601.pdf
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